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Preparation of Functional Anion Exchange Membranes for Diffusion Dialysis and Electrodialysis

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Preparation of Functional Anion Exchange Membranes for Diffusion Dialysis and Electrodialysis
论文目录
 
摘要第1-6页
Abstract第6-9页
Dedication第9-10页
Acknowledgements第10-17页
Abbreviations and Acronyms第17-24页
Chapter 1 Introduction to ion exchange membranes第24-47页
    1.1. Etymology of membrane第24-25页
    1.2. Concepts and principles of ion exchange membranes第25-33页
      1.2.1. Anion exchange membranes (AEMs)第27-28页
      1.2.2. Cation exchange membranes (CEMs)第28-29页
      1.2.3. Homogeneous membranes第29-30页
      1.2.4. Heterogeneous membranes第30页
      1.2.5. Porous and non-porous membranes第30-31页
      1.2.6. Liquid membranes第31-32页
      1.2.7. Ceramic membranes第32页
      1.2.8. Organic-inorganic membranes第32-33页
      1.2.9. Interpenetrating polymer network membranes第33页
    1.3. Membrane technology based separation processes第33-43页
      1.3.1. Diffusion dialysis第33-38页
        1.3.1.1. Principles of Diffusion dialysis第35-36页
        1.3.1.2. Models for diffusion dialysis process第36-38页
      1.3.2. Electrodialysis第38-43页
        1.3.2.1. Principles of Electrodialysis第40-42页
        1.3.2.2. Models for electrodialysis process第42-43页
    1.4. Statement significance第43-45页
    1.5. Objectives and scope of research第45-47页
Chapter 2 Experimental section第47-55页
    2.1. Materials and reagents第47-48页
    2.2. Methods of membranes preparation第48页
    2.3. Characterizations第48-55页
      2.3.1. Polymer characterization第48-49页
      2.3.2. Water uptake (WU)第49页
      2.3.3. Linear expansion ratio (LER)第49-50页
      2.3.4. [on Exchange Capacity (IEC)第50页
      2.3.5. Thermal and mechanical analyses第50-51页
      2.3.6. Morphological analysis第51页
      2.3.7. Membrane area resistance第51-52页
      2.3.8. Transport number第52页
      2.3.9. Diffusion dialysis第52-54页
      2.3.10. Electrodialysis experiment第54-55页
Chapter 3 Imidazolium functionalized anion exchange membrane blended with PVA foracid recovery via diffusion dialysis process第55-73页
    3.1. Introduction第55-57页
    3.2. Preparation of Anion Exchange Silica Precursor (AESP)第57页
    3.3. Membrane preparation第57-58页
    3.4. Results and Discussion第58-71页
      3.4.1. Membrane preparation and characterization of polymers第58-61页
      3.4.2. Ion exchange capacity and water uptake第61-63页
      3.4.3. Thermal and mechanical stabilities第63-67页
      3.4.4. Membrane morphologies第67-69页
      3.4.5. Diffusion dialysis第69-71页
    3.5. Conclusion第71-73页
Chapter 4 Functionalized anion exchange membranes based on pyridine derivatives fordiffusion dialysis第73-106页
    4.1. Facile synthesis of Pyridinium functionalized anion exchange membranes for diffusiondialysis application第73-89页
      4.1.1. Introduction第73-75页
      4.1.2. Preparation of Anion Exchange Pyridinium Salt第75-76页
      4.1.3. Membrane preparation第76页
      4.1.4. Results and discussion第76-88页
        4.1.4.1. Membrane preparation and characterization of polymers第76-79页
        4.1.4.2. Ion exchange capacity, water uptake and dimensional swelling第79-81页
        4.1.4.3. Mechanical strengths of membranes第81-82页
        4.1.4.4. Thermal stabilities of membranes第82-84页
        4.1.4.5. Membrane morphologies第84-85页
        4.1.4.6. Diffusion dialysis第85-88页
      4.1.5. Conclusion第88-89页
    4.2. Covalently cross-linked pyridinium based AEMs with aromatic pendant groups for acidrecovery via diffusion dialysis第89-105页
      4.2.1. Introduction第89-91页
      4.2.2. Synthesis of anion exchange precursor第91-92页
      4.2.3. Membrane preparation第92页
      4.2.4. Results and discussion第92-105页
        4.2.4.1. Membrane preparation and characterization第92-96页
        4.2.4.2. Ion exchange capacity, water uptake and dimensional changes第96-98页
        4.2.4.3. Mechanical strengths of membranes第98-99页
        4.2.4.4. Thermal stabilities of membranes第99-101页
        4.2.4.5. Membrane morphologies第101-102页
        4.2.4.6. Diffusion dialysis第102-105页
    4.3. Conclusion第105-106页
Chapter 5 Novel synthetic route to prepare doubly quaternized anion exchange membranesfor diffusion dialysis application第106-126页
    5.1. Introduction第106-108页
    5.2. Synthesis of anion exchange precursor第108-109页
    5.3. Membrane preparation第109-110页
    5.4. Results and discussion第110-125页
      5.4.1. Synthesis of anion exchange precursor第110-113页
      5.4.2. Membrane preparation and characterization第113-116页
      5.4.3. Water uptakes (WU), ion-exchange capacities (IECs) and dimensional changes第116-119页
      5.4.4. Mechanical strengths of membranes第119-120页
      5.4.5. Thermal stabilities of membranes第120-121页
      5.4.6. Morphologies of membranes第121-123页
      5.4.7. Diffusion dialysis第123-125页
    5.5. Conclusion第125-126页
Chapter 6 Anion exchange membranes with cationic head groups for electrodialysisapplication第126-138页
    6.1. Introduction第126-127页
    6.2. Synthesis of 3,5-pyridine dicarboxylate第127页
    6.3. Membrane preparation第127-128页
    6.4. Results and discussion第128-137页
      6.4.1. 1H-NMR and IR studies第129-131页
      6.4.2. Water uptakes (WU),ion-exchange capacities (IECs) and dimensional changes第131-132页
      6.4.3. Thermal and mechanical stabilities第132-134页
      6.4.4. Membrane area resistance and transport number第134-135页
      6.4.5. Membrane morphologies第135-136页
      6.4.6. Electrodialysis performance第136-137页
    6.5. Conclusion第137-138页
Chapter 7 General Conclusions and recommendations第138-143页
    7.1. General conclusions第138-141页
    7.2. Recommendations第141-143页
References第143-164页
Achievements and merits第164页
Publications第164-166页

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