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Experimental Study of the Dynamics in the Formation of Ultracold Plasma

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Experimental Study of the Dynamics in the Formation of Ultracold Plasma
论文目录
 
abstract第1-6页
摘要第6-10页
Chapter 1 Introduction第10-20页
  1.1 Background第10-12页
  1.2 Motivation第12-13页
  1.3 Creation of an ultracold plasma第13-16页
    1.3.1 Photoionization of cold atoms第13-14页
    1.3.2 Spontaneous ionization of a dense Rydberg gas第14-16页
  1.4 Theoretical study of the ultracold plasmas第16-17页
  1.5 Recent advances in the ultracold plasma physics第17-18页
    1.5.1 Achieving strongly coupled plasma第17-18页
    1.5.2 Recent progress第18页
  1.6 Layout of the thesis第18-20页
Chapter 2 Diagnostic techniques and plasma dynamics第20-31页
  2.1 Plasma diagnostics第20-24页
    2.1.1 Charged particle detection第20-21页
    2.1.2 Optical probes第21-22页
    2.1.3 Probing by three-body recombination第22-23页
    2.1.4 Other probes第23-24页
  2.2 Plasma dynamics第24-31页
    2.2.1 Three-body recombination and early electron dynamics第24-25页
    2.2.2 Disorder-induced heating第25-27页
    2.2.3 Kinetic energy oscillations第27-28页
    2.2.4 Self-similar adiabatic expansion第28-31页
Chapter 3 Experimental techniques第31-43页
  3.1 Experimental setup第31-34页
    3.1.1 Direct photoionization of laser-cooled 87Rb atoms第33页
    3.1.2 Rydberg excitation and detection第33-34页
  3.2 Laser cooling and trapping第34-43页
    3.2.1 Magneto-optical trap第35-37页
    3.2.2 Vacuum chamber第37-38页
    3.2.3 Vacuum pumps第38页
    3.2.4 Laser system第38-40页
    3.2.5 Saturated absorption spectroscopy第40-41页
    3.2.6 Data acquisition第41-43页
Chapter 4 Ultracold plasma from photoionization of cold atoms第43-58页
  4.1 Creation of ultracold plasma第43-51页
    4.1.1 Ultracold plasma with different ionization laser energies第46-49页
    4.1.2 The lifetime of the ultracold plasma第49-51页
  4.2 Ultracold plasma in the direct current field environment第51-58页
    4.2.1 Creation of the ultracold plasma in the DC field第51-52页
    4.2.2 Ultracold plasma with different initial electron kinetic energies第52-54页
    4.2.3 The dependence ultracold plasma on the direct current field第54-58页
Chapter 5 Ultracold plasma from cold Rydberg gas第58-77页
  5.1 Rydberg atoms第58-61页
    5.1.1 Excitation of Rydberg states第60页
    5.1.2 Detection of Rydberg atoms第60-61页
  5.2 Cold Rydberg gas dynamics第61-65页
    5.2.1 Angular momentum mixing第62页
    5.2.2 n-mixing and ionizing collisions第62-64页
    5.2.3 Penning ionization第64-65页
  5.3 Spontaneous ionization of Rydberg gas第65-68页
  5.4 Evolution of cold Rydberg gas from n P states into ultracold plasma第68-77页
    5.4.1 Excitation and field ionization of the cold Rydberg gas第69-71页
    5.4.2 Field ionization spectra at different evolution time第71-74页
    5.4.3 Spontaneous evolution of nP Rydberg states第74-77页
Chapter 6 Conclusion and future work第77-80页
  6.1 Conclusion第77-78页
  6.2 Future work第78-80页
References第80-88页
Acknowledgements第88-90页
Personal Statement and Academic Achievements during the Doctoral Period第90-93页
Appendix第93-103页

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